Malay customary law is understood to derive from two sources: adat pepatih and adapt. Adat pepatih developed among the matrilineal Minangkabau of Sumatra. According to the Minangkabau Adat pepatih, The Creator is the Prime Mover, The First Cause, The Absolute and The Phenomenon. Although we learn about. What is adat land? • customary land tenure is that it is a matriarchal system or adat pepatih and applicable in the districts of Kuala Pilah,. Rembau, Jelebu and.

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In other words, these tribal saying derived its legal characteristic because it is the expression of an instinctive sense of right and the common consciousness of the people. The other route of emigration led through Palembang in south Sumatra which formed a pact of Hiduized kingdoms.

It define arat position and precedence of the minor chiefs as well, pepatuh settle their powers and it covered the whole of what we may termed court etiquette. The system practices democracy in electing chiefs and a king. A study on adat will not only reflect its legal consequences but also the way of life and the identity of the Malays itself.

Help Center Find new research papers in: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Why Dato Pepateh insisted upon matriliny and exogamy for his followers while Dato Ketenmenggungan was inclined to patrilineal descent and endogamy is not precisely known. The married man shall be subservient to his mother in-law If he is clever I will try to cajole him If he is stupid I will see that he works Like the butl ressem of a pepatig tree he shall shelter me Like a thick foliage he shall shade me.

Adat perpatih – Wikipedia

By these means the adat pepateh tries to balance between leniency and undue tolerance of crime. The monarchy is an elective monarchy unlike most other monarchies worldwide.

Legal sanction are those in which force may be used by a recognized authority Being the living law at a certain time in a certain place, adat is elastic and adaptable to social needs and as such not suitable for codification.

The effect of these curious rules is not to be realised without some thought. The interest of the Malay chiefs lay in the director of exacting pspatih fines, slavery and vindicating his authority by the cruel punishment of any man who dared to gainsay peatih or disregard his command.


Men in Adat Pepatig do not have the right to the Ancestral Properties. The interpretation of these sayings appears to be less difficult than the interpretation of a statute in common law court; for the interpretation of the sayings along with the significance of the metaphores or other figures of speech contained in it is handed down from generation to generation.

Although there are some so called written law such as the Malacca Codes and Perak Code but these digest cannot reflect that the laws has been clearly define bacause sometime their authorities were often subject to the pe;atih power of the ruling class.

Pepagih, like the society, the monarchy is also patriarchal. They range from being found with booty snatched on stolen by force or being found with flittring heart.

Log In Sign Up. His power is absolute and this influence pepaatih some extend still exist in the modern Malay community today whereby the monarchial institutions and some aspect of feudal values are part of the Malays way of life and is very sacred. Below the female members position of Adat Perpatih.

Adat Pepatih Archives – Viddsee BUZZ

Historical perspective To understand the whole purpose of this topic, it is very important to note the historical background of Peninsular Malaya and the Malays themselves. If she is divorced and returns to her village, she has lands to work on to earn a living. Below the female members position of Adat Perpatih; According to local malay term: This custom follows the Islamic obligation that Muslim men have to provide shelter and basic welfare of their divorced female relatives and their children.

The Indianisation was the result of a two way traffic, first from the Indian traders and secondly it was possible that the idea of Hinduism spread more from the visits by the Malays to the centre of Hindu culture in India. Thus it will connote rules of etiquette and the ceremonies prescribed for a particular occasion such as marriage as well as those customs which have legal consequences.

As has been mentioned earlier that the Ruler under the Hindu influence was portrayed as a god king and he demands absolute loyalty of his subjects. The adat temenggong was administered on autocratic lines. The law become uncertain or indefinate from the moment the rulers and judges did not like to see their discretion fettered by any inconvenient rules and regulation.

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Adat Temenggung Adat Temenggung applies in other states. A first offender was in the first instance judge by his own people and only when a person is rejected by his own family then only there will be no other choice but to kill, banish or enslave him.


At best it only encourage a chief to assist his pepatlh followers against a stranger. Under the adat, circumstantial evidence is preferred to oral evidence tendered by a witness. The Malay laws Pepatoh Malay customary law is called adat, a word adar from Arabic. That means, however poor an Pepatoh Perpatih woman may be, she will never have to sell her dignity to earn a living. Such a system had encourage bribary and blackmail. This method is express in a saying: The imposition of a decision of the majority might leave the minority discontent, while a unanimous decision would make everyone feel a sense of harmony, a feeling of belonging together.

Except in the face of a foreign aggressor each state was self sufficient, so that until the days of the British protection the territorial chiefs never met regularly in council pepath the ruler as each one of them met in council with his own tribal chiefs. These merchant were very rich with large business and fortune, brought with them mollahs and priest learned in Islamic teachings.

The peasants had no right whatsoever. Female members of adat perpatih. These published laws are interesting and valuable because of the evidence they give of the legal theories that underline the adat but they possessed the authority of an enactment.

Articles needing additional references from January All articles needing additional references. Administration of the adat The Malay in general is not a litigious person.

Punishment system in the laws of Adat Perpatih generally aims to reform or rehabilitate the wrongdoer rather than retaliating against him. The ancestral land is guarded by male clan leaders, chiefdom’s and chieftain.

Sultan Iskandar Shah derived great profit and satisfaction by the prosperity of trade in Malacca. Instead of being a subject of a god king, their perspective of the world has widen. The whole of Hindu criminal law is characterized by lex teleonis. A man is considered as from his mother’s tribe until get marriedonce get married he belongs to his wife’s tribe.

Female members can only inherited in equal shares of property according to the Will. Petty disputes were referred for arbitration to the village elders. Adat has play a major role in Malay community for many centuries as “adat” has reflected the importances of their lives.