Introduction. In this blog, I aim to go a little deeper into how the different DMVPN phases work and how to properly configure the routing. DMVPN Explained. DMVPN stands for Dynamic Multipoint VPN and it is an effective solution for dynamic secure overlay networks. In short. Learn what DMVPN is, mechanisms used (NHRP, mGRE, IPSec) to achieve of the audience’s potential knowledge levels and explained it in terms that don’t.

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In addition, the hub router has three GRE tunnels configured, one for each spoke, making the overall configuration more complicated.

Understanding Cisco Dynamic Multipoint VPN – DMVPN, mGRE, NHRP

When would we choose to use Phase 1, 2, or 3, and why? You may cancel your monthly membership at any time. DMVPN consists of two mainly deployment designs:. Deal with bandwidth spikes Explaimed Download.

If you like to keep on reading, Become a Member Now! The HQ for example has one tunnel with each branch office as its destination.

The flexibility, stability and easy setup it provides are second-to-none, making it pretty much the best VPN solution available these days for any type of network.

Understanding Cisco DMVPN | CiscoZine

Web Vulnerability Scanner Free Download. So when a hub receives an IP packet inbound on its interface and switches it out of the same interface, it sends a special NHRP redirect message to the source indicating that this is a suboptimal path.


All spokes connect directly to the hub using a tunnel interface. At this point, the spokes can now modify their routing table entries to reflect the NHRP shortcut route and use it to reach the remote spoke. A few seconds later, spoke1 decides that it wants to send something explaines spoke2.

An article by Fabio Semperboni Tutorial. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. We use cookies to give you the best personal experience on our website.

On the GRE multipoint tunnel interface we use a single subnet with the following private IP addresses:. In case no routing protocol is used in our VPN network, the addition of one more spoke would mean configuration changes to all routers so that the new spoke is reachable by everyone. Spoke routers only need a summary or default route to the hub to reach other spoke routers.

Introduction to DMVPN |

Share on Digg Share. This means that there will be no direct spoke-to-spoke communication, all traffic has to go through the hub!

Initially, and that is the key word all spoke to spoke packets are switched across the hub. Email Updates Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts. Join us on LinkedIn! More Lessons Explaines Every Week!

It should look for a better way using NHRP resolution. When there is traffic between the branch offices, we can tunnel it directly instead of sending it fxplained the HQ router. Continue reading in our forum. The Hub router checks its cache, finds an entry for spoke 2 and sends the NHRP resolution reply to spoke1 with the public IP address of spoke2. Because mGRE tunnels do not have a tunnel destination defined, they cannot be used alone.


Our hub router will be the NHRP server and all other routers will be the spokes.

In both cases, the Hub router is assigned a static public IP Address while the branch routers spokes can be assigned static or dynamic public IP addresses.

In phase 2, all spoke routers use multipoint GRE tunnels so we do have direct spoke to spoke tunneling. Join us on Facebbook! The hub is the only router that is using a multipoint GRE interface, all spokes will be using regular point-to-point GRE tunnel interfaces.

All tunnel interfaces are part of the same network. For instance, to reach The following requirements have been calculated for a traditional VPN network of a company with a central hub and 30 remote offices.

DMVPN provides a number of benefits which have helped make them very popular and highly recommended. Each router is connected to the Internet and has a public IP address:.