Home arrow Military Publications – Field Manuals – USAHEC arrow FM Mine/Countermine Operations. Reference URL. Share. Save to. Field Manual (FM) provides United States (US) armed forces with tactical, technical, and procedural guidance for conducting mine and countermine. Field Manual FM Mine/Countermine Operations at the Company Level [ Department of the Army] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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Obstacle Restrictions Commanders at all levels may use obstacle restrictions to provide additional obstacle control. Combat clearance method gure Figures throughpages throughprovide guidelines for varying minefield depth, front, density, and composition to best achieve disrupt, fix, turn, and block effects.

The basic site layout is extremely important, and it is the same for air and ground Volcano minefields. The dispenser is considered to be UXO; do not attempt to recover the dispenser. SLAM in bottom-attack mode One squad working for one hour. Any attempt to remove the mines will likely result in detonation.

When the enemy reduces one block obstacle, it is critical that he encounters another, thus denying him to project combat power and maintain momentum. Arrows indicate direction of emplacement. Once the enemy has become mine- conscious, phony minefields may produce considerable tactical effects with very little investment in operatjons, labor, and material. The overlay does not generally show individual obstacles unless the engineer has had sufficient time to conduct a thorough ground reconnaissance where exact obstacle locations have been identified.

The location of individual obstacles within a group is determined during the siting process between the emplacing engineer and the maneuver company commander. Antipersonnel Mines AP mines target dismounted soldiers.

Mine/Countermine Operations FM 20-32 C2

He must understand the general scheme of fires and how the fires support the scheme of maneuver, the commander’s intent, and the obstacle plan. Mine detection is used in conjunction with intelligence-gathering operations, minefield bypass reconnaissance, and breaching and clearing operations. countermnie

Conventional Minefield Reinforcement The Hornet can be used to reinforce a conventional turn, block, or fix minefield Figure This planning is directive and detailed in nature and focuses on the determination of obstacle groups and the type and amount of prepared positions.


Enter the description of intermediate markers, counhermine applicable.

In this situation, since all mines must be destroyed, the unit takes a systematic approach to clearing mines. AHDs and low-metallic mines are not used so that the minefield can be easily recovered.

FM Mine/Countermine Operations :: Military Publications – Field Manuals – USAHEC

Obstacle logistics especially for mine warfare at theTF level can be complex, require prudent use of scarce haul assets and MHE, and demand operatinos C 2. Cripples the foot or leg of a soldier who steps on it; can also burst the tires of a wheeled vehicle that passes over it. The SLAM will self-destruct M4 or self-neutralize M2 if the selected time expires before mne is detonated by a vehicle.

Obstacle material is transloaded by emplacing engineers to emplacing vehicles or dispensers at the obstacle site. Hornet gauntlet obstacle one cluster Before laying any Hornets, the munitions are prearmed as above.

FM 20-32 Mine/Countermine Operations

The system is vulnerable to direct and indirect fires, so it must be protected when close to the FLOT. A supply request includes the quantity, the required delivery time, the transportation responsibilities, and the desired delivery location.

First, they confuse an attacker’s breach cycle and cause him to question his breach decision. Clearing a Class A military road with the deliberate sweep technique requires at least two engineer squads due to the total lane width to be cleared and the requirement for the rotation of mine-detector operators. They signify the friendly-side limit of the obstacle and the point at which movement is restricted by the lane counterine and path.

The ends of rows are shown by two end row markers. In the EA, particularly where theTF fires are massed, a fix group 3 slows the enemy counterimne increases the effects of the fires. Experience will provide the best basis for designing minefields.

As a rule, 20 to 30 minutes is the maximum amount of time an individual can use the detector effectively. Final-approach markers provide the assault force commander with a highly visible RP toward which to maneuver his formation. To be distributed in accordance with the initial distribution numberrequirements for FM During site layout, centerlines are separated by at least meters for both ground and air delivery.


The standard should start with meters and increase in depth if denying the enemy the use of a mobility corridor MC is the intent turn or block. AH D incorporating a release mechanism gure Arrows indicate the direction of enemy attack.

This can be extremely painful for the friendly unit. Secondly, they break up the enemy’s assault to complete its destruction. The enemy should be enticed into the area. Preliminary hazard-analysis work sheet arming M16 E Figure E A spring drives a striker against a percussion cap, which fires the detonator. They can be deployed by fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, artillery, manpack, or ground vehicles.

Soldiers construct the perimeter fence and emplace mine signs. Although the blast wave is accentuated by underwater placement attacking hatches and coversmining of banks and approaches is recommended instead.

Turn obstacle D-6 Figure D Where oerations tactical-obstacle plan allows, the supply point should be located near theTF combat trains to better facilitate C 2 and the availability of equipment. Scheme-of -Obstacle Overlay At operatioms maneuver battalion level, the scheme-of-obstacle overlay depicts the location of brigade-directed belts, TF obstacle groups, and any directed obstacles within the battalion sector.

They are not precisely placed; however, the minefield boundaries are. The manual jine presented in three parts— mine operations, counteroperations, and special -mining operations. Once the engineers expand the lane width to 10 meters, they ensure that entrance, exit, handrail, funnel, and final-approach markers are replaced on the return lane.

Even though the crew is killed, the drive train may be undamaged and the vehicle may continue to move. See Chapter 3 for more details.