RENE A. WORMSER CONTENTS PREFACE by drazilla carroll reece v .. Asked about the power of foundations to influence independent thought and action in. Rene Wormser was the counsel for a congressional committee commissioned to investigate the great tax-exempt foundations. Despite opposition from the. Foundations, their power and influence. Front Cover. René Albert Wormser. Devin-Adair Co., – Social Science – pages.
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It was introduced in substitution for an earlier system of permitting the professional associations to elect representatives of their choos- ing. But they do have influential people as members of their boards, and these members have powerful friends, some of whom are more inclined to be partisanly defensive than objectively critical.
If there is need for clearing houses in educational, scientific, and public pursuits, that docs not justify a domination of these in- stitutions by foundations and their staffs.
Such control may take the form of denying space to a nonconformist. Upon each conquest, they reg- ularly separated one fifth of their new territories for the use of charitable foundations vakuf. Bryan rated it really liked it Oct 24, We were not blind to the undoubted merits of the contributions of numerous tax-exempt foundations to worth-while causes.
Such organizations claim tax exemption, though principally devoted to the advancement of political group interests in legislation. Congressional hearings on the prob- lems of small business, on mergers and antitrust issues, and on proposals to apply discriminatory legislation against large corpo- rations, have filled tens of thousands of printed pages a year. Privately financed educational institutions have had a bad time during the period of rapidly increasing costs.
Rockefeller said there should be no public restrictions. Manly, the director of research of the Commission on Industrial Relations, dealt at length with foundation problems.
In addition, as far as the courts are concerned, the law is regrettably ambiguous as it stands. We do know, however, that the workser conformism within the social sciences has been nurtured abundantly by foundation support.
Foundations, America Foundations; Their Power And Influence Rene A Wormser ( 1958)
It is not the purpose of this study, however, to discuss the business or tax-avoidance use of foundations in detail. The problem of foundation bigness per se may thus arise seriously to concern the general public unless foundation managers become alert to the in- herent dangers of bigness by avoiding, in the future, the tech- niques of joint planning; of joint support of tneir organi- zations which thus achieve commanding positions in the teir of ideas; and of eliminating or destroying counterweighing competi- tion in the support of ideas.
Its influence, increasing over the past 47 years, has reached into the Department of State, into the law schools where international law is tyeir, into the foreign offices of other nations, and into the United Nations and its associated organizations.
The overwhelming majority of foundations have had careers quite beyond any criticism, and some of those which have been most criticized have notable accomplishments to their credit.
We wanted to explore the problems of foundations by examining their actions, not their statements for the public. Today many fear founfations as promoters of big government.
Full text of “Foundations, America Foundations; Their Power And Influence Rene A Wormser ( )”
No effort on the part of Government officials to secure financial assistance from them foundtions be allowed. But I felt that the work of the Cox Committee left several im- portant unanswered questions, of which the gravest was: Such accumulations, against a theid of increasing population and decreasing free arable lands, made eventual confiscation inevitable; the in- creasing loss of revenue through the growth of the tax-exempt rolls made the problem tgeir acute.
It was a business deal. They have pointed up the importance of tax- exempt organizations in our social structure. They go through the motions of control. Carr is quoted not to contest his point but to bring out that the change which he supports is clearly political. The following are the most frequent ones: The tragedy was that it also became a specialist in promoting the Communist cause in Asia, succeeding so well in this endeavor be- cause of the vast financial support given to it by the major founda- tions.
These are es- sentially recipients of money for their own use and not in the business of handing out grants to others, They are, in rela- tion to the foundations, mentioned above what the consumer is in relation to his supplier. Gf the 4, foundations listed, 77, inheld 3 billion of the aggregate of 7 billion in assets. Despite vehement disclaimers of bias, despite platitudinous affirmations of loyalty to American traditions, the statements filed by those foundations whose operations touch on foreign policy have produced no rebuttal to the evidence of support of collectivism.
There develops within the State a state so powerful that the ordinary social and in- dustrial forces existing are insufficient to cope with it.
The corporate foundations have, so far, escaped the type of criticism leveled at some of the individual-created foundations be- influuence they have generally avoided controversy and have confined themselves to direct grants and to objectives often local with which the public could not wormsed quarrel. They have, however, only the most peripheral understanding of many of the fields of activity in which their foundations engage.
This power extends beyond its immediate circle of associations, to those who hope to benefit from its bounty. Whole libraries have been written about the alleged threat to the public welfare in the form of the growth of giant enterprises. The laws under which foundations operate are, to say the least, imperfect, But a reform of the law can impose only negative checks and bal- ances foundtions foundation spending and can never convert juridical persons to a truly creative pattern of action.
They had a monopoly and they were bringing people like me in for the purposes of setting up a front and. Another motivation might have inluence the simple one of not wishing any minority stockholder to acquire enough stock to make him too interested in challenging the management.
There are now perhaps two thousand of them. Such responsibility, as John D. Provisions against accumulation of unexpended income and against expenditure in any year of more than 10 percent of capital were demanded, together with rigid inspection of finances investment and expenditure and complete publicity through open reports to the Government. Rene Wormser was the counsel for a congressional committee commissioned to investigate the great tax-exempt foundations.
Keppel, a former Dean of Columbia College and a leading exponent and manager of foundations, reviewed the relative responsibilities of private endowments and government. It just grew into being, but it is none the less dangerous as a concentration of power. Do they not know better than others, better even than the membership of the professional societies of social-science professors, what is good for the countryl It is not a pleasant con- cept under American traditions.
Keppel may have been partly responsible for many of the foundation practices relating to patronage and the selection of projects which have come under recent severe crit- icism. In the corporate mechanics of the foundations he sees one of the most menacing trends resulting from the social patterns of an age controlled by organization bureaucrats.
Foundations : Their Power and Influence by René A. Wormser | Earth Emperor
Re- cently the exemption of The Institute of Pacific Relations was re- voked for reasons which shall be discussed later. There have been other cases of exemption denial. It is tragic in a high degree that men who have won confidence and position in the education world should be intimidated from expressing criticism of a foundation foundationz administrators and policies they do not respect.
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